Linus Pauling was a brilliant scientist and a social activist. He was awarded Nobel Prize two times. Here is one of his quotes for new generation that tells how to treat the ‘sagacity’ of ideological bosses.
“When an old and distinguished person speaks to you, listen to him carefully and with respect — but do not believe him. Never put your trust into anything but your own intellect. Your elder, no matter whether he has gray hair or has lost his hair, no matter whether he is a Nobel laureate — may be wrong. The world progresses, year by year, century by century, as the members of the younger generation find out what was wrong among the things that their elders said. So you must always be skeptical — always think for yourself.”